cars armoring standards

Cars armoring standards



You never know what kind of weapon can an aggressor might use against you, or against any person in general. It has been a long time since aggressors used ordinary guns such as the Browning 9mm only. We can say that the most used assassination weapon nowadays is the AK-47 Kalashnikov due to it's relative availability within the black market, it's so-called 'user friendly' characteristic, and it's deadly power. Generally speaking, it uses 9.7 grams bullets of 7.62 x 39 mm dimensions with an average speed of 732 m/s. These bullets, as well as others, are specified within ballistic standards. Because of this, it's necessary to use standards for armored cars too. Please note, that any country might use it's own standards for anything. However, the process of globalization results in grouping existing rules and standards. Nowadays, it means that various countries use different bullets. In the sense of armored cars, it's important to determine the strongest bullet for each gun, machine gun or weapons as a whole.

Moreover, bullets can be modified by experts. Armor-piercing (AP) is used to break through armor; they consist of copper or aluminium, and include hardened steel, or tungsten-carbide or depleted-uranium within. Despite the fact that any gun or bullet can be modified in order to break through the armor, aggressors use non-modified guns usually. This is just another reason why it is important to create and use the standards for armored cars.

Unlike standards for plastic windows, not every armored car is armored equally. Armored plates are usually used for for glass, doors, or roof armoring. However, there are bottom parts which, if they are armored, protect passengers from bombs or mines. So it all depends on service quality as well as chosen armoring. The best armored car is an independent box inside another larger box. For high security level it's necessary to put armor plates between the engine and the rest of the car, into weak places such as doors' and glass' borders as well as ordinary placements, which are doors, glass, roof and bottom. Naturally, you can't be safe if your car isn't moving. Tyres can determine if passengers survive or not. Quality tyres allow a car to move even though they're flat.

NIJ standard - National Institute of Justice standard


There are three levels, each is protected by different systems of armoring. Of course, each level protects against weapons mentioned in lower levels. NIJ standards requires stopping 5 shots at each level and those shots must be 3 inches (7.62 centimeters) from each other and 2 inches from the side in order to pass the test. The NIJ IV level requires stopping a single shot only.

Includes weapons such as hand guns.

LevelWeaponSizeBullet mass(g)Bullet typeSpeed (m/s)Shots
IIIAHand gun9 mm
0.357 Magnum
0.44 Magnum
8.0
10.2
15.6
FMJ/S
JSP
SWC
425
426
425
5
IIIM16 Rifle
AK-47
7.62x39
5.56x45
7.62x51
9.7
4.0
9.5
FMJ/S
FMJ/S
FMJ/S
732
950
838
5
IVRifle7.62x51 AP9.5FMJ/HC8691


Legend:

FMJFull metal jacket
FMJ/SFull metal jacket
FMJ/HFull metal jacket
FMJ/FFull metal jacket flat nose
APArmored piercing
SWCSteel wad cutter
JSPJacket soft point


Central European Normalization


There are four levels within this normalization. Each level requires stopping 3 shots at corners of 120 mm triangle to pass.

LevelWeaponSizeBullet mass(g)Bullet typeSpeed (m/s)Shots
B4Hand gun9x19 mm
0.357 Magnum
0.44 Magnum
8.0
10.2
15.6
FMJ/SC
FMJ/SC
FMJ/FN
400
430
440
3
B5AK-47
M16 Rifle
7.62x39
5.56x45
9.7
4.0
FMJ/SC
FMJ/SC
722
950
3
B6Rifle7.62x519.5FMJ/SC8303
B7Rifle7.62x51 AP9.5FMJ/HC8203


Legend:

FMJFull metal jacket
FMJ/SFull metal jacket soft
FMJ/HFull metal jacket
FMJ/FFull metal jacket flat nose
APArmored piercing
SWCSteel wad cutter
JSPJacket soft point


Photogallery:

Rifle M-16

Rifle M-14

Hand gun


Material on this page uses some content which can be found at interarmored.com. We have written permission for this action. You are not allowed to copy, redistribute, or use any part of this page for commercial or non-commercial purposes unless you get an agreement from the staff of interarmored.com.

Sponsored links




This article has been viewed 71695 time(s).

We also recommend you to visit: